Andrea Carlo Martinez, MPhil

Andrea Carlo Martinez (MPhil), PhD researcher at the German Historical Institute Rome

Andrea Carlo Martinez is a British-Italian PhD researcher and journalist/commentator. He studied Theology and Religion for his BA at Oxford University (2015-2018), writing a thesis on the women of the early Protestant Reformation, and went on to complete a Master’s (MPhil) in International Relations and Politics at Cambridge University (2019-2020). His dissertation compared British and Italian Euroscepticism. In April 2021, he started his doctoral research on the history of Italian Euroscepticism, joining the Germanic Historical Institute in Rome and being registered as PhD student in Modern and Contemporary History at LMU Munich.
Aside from his academic work, he also writes on socio-political, cultural and historical issues – especially on the LGBT+ victims of the Holocaust – for publications such as TIMEThe IndependentThe Times, Euronewsand HuffPost, among others, under his pen name Andrea Carlo.


Research project: 

My research project is tentatively titled “Europe constructed, Europe contested: Italian media in the early years of the European project”. My aim is to look at ideas of Europe and European integration in Italy in the 1950s and 60s, and the role the media – itself rapidly changing shape during these years – played in such discussions. Most academic research on Italian Euroscepticism, which has been largely conducted within the political scientific field, has tended to gloss over the debates on European integration which were unfolding in Italy in the first few decades after the war, and has tended to conform to the “permissive consensus” theory. A closer look at the evidence, nevertheless, has shown that, while the Christian Democratic establishment certainly endorsed the establishment of the ECSC and EEC, the process of integration was subject to significantly greater contestation and controversy than has been assumed thus far. Moreover, research from historians such as Wolfram Kaiser and Daniele Pasquinucci has illustrated how certain narratives which may have been perceived as “pro-European” in certain contexts could equally have been the fuel of EU-critical counter-narratives in later decades – an example being that of the “external constraint”, whereby politicians depicted Italy as needing to rely on the European Community. Through my project, I aim to look at how the media both served to amplify and construct a specific model of European integration – especially through the RAI TV channel, launched in 1954 – and contest it at the same time, especially within certain newspapers.

Current status and next steps:

I am currently finishing writing the historiography and literature review, and am conducting research into a variety of both national and regional papers. I soon plan to look at newsreels, stored at the Istituto Luce, as well as go through RAI’s archives.

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