Antonio Carbone is currently a Post-Doc in Modern History at the DHI Rome and is member of the research project “Europas Gegenbewegungen.” He previously worked as lecturer at the department of Global History at the Freie Universität Berlin and taught at TU Berlin as well as at the Europa-Universität Viadrina. For his dissertation research, he spent extended periods in the archives of Buenos Aires and at Columbia University in New York and received his PhD with a thesis on the influence of epidemics on urban imaginaries in nineteenth-century Buenos Aires. He is the author of two forthcoming books Epidemic Cities (Cambridge UP, 2021) and Park, Tenement, Slaughterhouse (Campus Verlag, 2022). With a regional focus on Europe and Latin America, his interests range from global and urban history to the history of science and ideas.
2004 – 2008, BA in Philosophy and History at the Università “La Sapienza” di Roma and at the Freie Universität (FU) Berlin; 2008–2011, MA in Historical Urban Studies at the Technische Universität (TU) Berlin; 2012–2015, DFG-Fellow of the Graduiertenkolleg “die Welt in der Stadt” at TU Berlin, visiting fellow at the Columbia University (Barnard College) and archival research in Buenos Aires; 2015 – 2018, lecturer (wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter) at the chair for Latin American and Global History (Prof. Dr. Michael Goebel) in the Global History Department (Prof. Dr. Sebastian Conrad) of the FU Berlin; 2019, Doctoral degree at the TU Berlin with the dissertation “Park, Tenement, Slaughterhouse: Elite Imaginaries of Buenos Aires (1852–1880)”; 2019–2020, Postdoc fellow at the German Historical Institute in Rome; 2020–2021, guest lecturer at the chair for Contemporary European History (Prof. Dr. Claudia Weber) and visiting scholar at the Institut für Europa-Studien of the Europa-Universität Viadrina in Frankfurt/Oder; since April 2021 postdoc researcher (wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter) at the German Historical Institute in Rome in the project “Europas Gegenbewegungen”.
ALTERNATIVE VISIONS OF EUROPE IN THE FRENCH, ITALIAN, AND SPANISH LEFT IN THE POST-WAR PERIOD
The term “Euroscepticism” is used in many current political discussions to refer to the apparently similar positions, concerning the criticism of the current course of European integration, of groups coming from radically different political traditions. However, a look at the history of the last century shows that the different political forces that are lumped together under the idea of “Euroscepticism” developed radically distinct ways of imagining Europe and the possible course of its integration. The research project “Alternative Visions of Europe” aims to analyze the specific case of the ideas of European integration that circulated in the movements, parties, unions, and groupings of the Left in Southern Europe in the years from the end of the Second World War to the beginning of the 1980s.
The study focuses on the historical development of some ideas of European integration that were conceived as reform plans or as alternative visions to the specific integration projects that emerged within the institutions of the European Communities. The project explores, for example, the history of visions such as Social Europe or Eurocommunism, which were respectively imagined by reform-oriented socialist forces and communist parties in South-Western Europe. In addition to reconstructing the history of these visions supported by the large traditional parties and trade unions of the Left, the project also aims to study and identify the positioning of different groups of the New Left towards the intersection of the European integration with the emergence of new post-colonial alliances such as, for instance, the “Third World.”
The first aim of the project is to show that these “alternative visions of Europe” were based on practices constituted at the crossing of the national specificities of political movements, on the one hand, and their transnational entanglements, on the other hand. Furthermore, the project intends to show how the “alternative visions” of the Southern European Left intersected with projects and visions aimed at orienting and opening Europe towards the Global South.
The first challenge in my research project concerns its conceptual and methodological framework. Questions regarding the implications in the use of concepts such as Euroscepticism, Europe, and Europeanization are very much on the top of my mind at the moment. Are these useful analytical categories for a historical analysis? Europe for instance is highly controversial category and instead of using the concept as a starting point of the research one of the goals could be that of reconstructing and showing the multiple and diverse ideas of Europe, which a varied range of actors had in different regional settings.